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Military Strategy

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Dasfry's guide to Military Tactics & Military Strategy

Contents

Strategies are what alliances have to plan for

Overview

Military Strategy:

In the scope of Eve, tactics are what a single commander has to execute during the course of a single battle, with perhaps only a few dozen ships, across a single solar system. Strategies are what alliances using multiple commanders have to plan over the course of an entire war, may span control over a few hundred ships, and across multiple solar systems.

The collective name for planning the conduct of warfare. Military strategy deals with the planning and conduct of campaigns, the movement and disposition of forces, and the deception of the enemy.

The terms tactics and strategy are often confused: Tactics are the actual means used to gain an objective, while strategy is the overall campaign plan, which may involve complex operational patterns activity and decision-making that lead to tactical execution.

Military theorist Carl von Clausewitz put it another way: "Tactics is the art of using troops in battle; strategy is the art of using battles to win the war." [1]

Purpose

The purpose of this documentation provides commanders, staffs, and unit leaders with a key reference for planning and conducting reconnaissance operations. It addresses concepts, principles, and fundamentals for Military considerations. It also serves as a key source document for developing training exercises. The information furnished provides data that can be used to support reconnaissance planning and operations based on intelligence preparation of the battle space.

Introduction

This is an open document and I invite anyone to add to it.

For example when you read about a particular corporation's history. You often read a point where it is stated the type of tactics they might have engaged in, such as "Hit and Run Tactics". However it is rarely explained how that particular tactic, might be achieved, instead they assume you know.

This page is intended to clarify & keep a list of all the known strategies and tactics with basic descriptions to them, even if they seem obvious.

Each style could potentially have its own wiki-page describing that particular strategy or tactic in further detail.

What is Military Strategy?

Military strategy is a collective name for planning the conduct of warfare.

Principles of Military Strategy & Tactics

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Principles of Military Tactics
Main article: Principles of Military Strategy & Tactics
  • Concentration of effort Principle
  • Deception Principle
  • Destruction of enemy forces Principle
  • Economy of force Principle
  • Exploiting prevailing weather Principle
  • Exploiting night Principle
  • False flag Principle
  • Force dispersal Principle
  • Force protection Principle
  • Initiative Principle
  • Maintenance of reserves Principle
  • Maintenance of Morale Principle
  • Maneuver Principle
  • Mass Principle
  • Military Camouflage Principle
  • Objectives Principle
  • Perfidy Principle
  • Relentless pursuit of foes Principle
  • Reconnaissance Principle
  • Surprise Principle
  • Security Principle
  • Unity of command Principle

Offensive Strategy

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Offensive Strategy

Offensive Strategy, Attackers are generally considered to have high degrees of initiative. They can determine when and where forces clash.

Ambush Strategy

The phrase Ambush Strategy is used to describe, using Ambush Tactics on a grand strategic scale.

Blitzkrieg Strategy

Blitzkrieg Strategy, A bombardment immediately followed by a lightning swift attack by mobile forces

Blob Strategy

Blob Strategy, The phrase Blob Strategy is used to describe, using Blob Tactics on a grand strategic scale.

Charge Strategy

Charge Strategy or Direct attack, usually by direct assault up to the opponent on a grand scale. This can often often lead to complete disaster or complete victory. Depending on you compare to your enemy.

Counterattack Strategy

An attack when an enemy has attacked, usually when the enemy is weak or complacent.

Divide and Conquer Strategy

Is a combination of political, military and economic strategy of gaining and maintaining power by breaking up larger concentrations of power into chunks that individually have less power than the one implementing the strategy.

Encirclement Strategy

Encirclement Strategy, the phrase is used to describe, the ability to isolate and surround enemy forces, on a strategic scale.

Envelopment Strategy

Envelopment Strategy, is a maneuver in which a secondary attack attempts to hold the enemy's center while the flanks of the enemy are attacked or overlapped in a push to the enemy's rear in order to threaten the enemy's line of retreat. This forces the enemy to fight in several directions and possibly be destroyed in position, on a strategic scale.

Double Envelopment Strategy

Double Envelopment Strategy, is a maneuver in which a secondary attack attempts to hold the enemy's center while two flank's of the enemy are attacked or overlapped in a push to the enemy's rear in order to threaten the enemy's line of retreat, on a strategic scale.

Single Envelopment Strategy

Single Envelopment Strategy, is a maneuver in which a secondary attack attempts to hold the enemy's center while one flank of the enemy is attacked or overlapped in a push to the enemy's rear in order to threaten the enemy's line of retreat, on a strategic scale.

Vertical Envelopment Strategy

Vertical Envelopment Strategy, is a maneuver in which a secondary attack attempts to hold the enemy's center while the flank's of the enemy is attacked left, right, and behind (Paratroopers) or overlapped in a push to the enemy's rear in order to threaten the enemy's line of retreat, on a strategic scale.

Turning Maneuver Strategy

Turning Maneuver Strategy, is the indirect approach that attempts to swing wide around an enemy's flank to so threaten an enemy's supply lines and block their retreat, the enemy is forced to abandon a strong position or be cut off and encircled, on a strategic scale.

Economic Warfare Strategy

Economic Warfare Strategy, is the term for economic policies followed as a part of military operations during wartime. The purpose of economic warfare is to capture critical economic resources so that the military can operate at full efficiency and/or deprive the enemy forces of those resources so that they cannot fight the war properly.

Types of policies followed in economic warfare:

  • Blockade - is any effort to prevent supplies, troops, information or aid from reaching an opposing force.
  • Blacklisting - is a list of entities who are being denied a particular privilege, service, mobility, access or recognition.
  • Preemptive buying - is an economic warfare strategy of purchasing materials in order to deprive the enemy of their use.
  • Capturing of enemy assets - is the Capture of critical economic resources to deprive the enemy forces of those resources.

Flanking maneuver Strategy

This strategy involves attacking the opponent from the side, or rear flank.

Guerrilla Warfare Strategy

Guerrilla Warfare Strategy, The phrase is used to describe, using Guerrilla Warfare Tactics on a grand strategic scale.

Leap-frogging Strategy

Leap-frogging Strategy, leaving the strongest garrisons alone, just cutting their supply, and securing bases of operation on the lightly defended areas.

Maximum Damage Strategy

MAXimum Damage, abbreviated as MAX, or known as the Max Campaign. The Max Campaign is considered a strategy not a tactic.

MAX, is a campaign started by Band of Brothers in 2008. BoB's intent is to influence its enemies by causing maxumum damage by destroying the maximum number of hostile assets, while not holding their space for extended periods. This philosophy was a change from BoB's philosophy leading up to the Great War which saw the Greater BoB community, aka bob's allies fighting an unsustainable war on multiple fronts.

The campaign began on 2008.07.10 with 350 capitals, and 600 fleet ships from BoB and its GBC allies moving in the first wave. Moving to the North where BoB attacked Imperial Republic of the North and Red Alliance in Deklein and Pure Blind. It successfully captured a large amount of space in the North, but the GBC forces were eventually defeated in a series of large capital battles in Tribute and in the sorrounding Low-Security System of Obe. All the space taken during this campaign was recaptured in a series of coordinated assaults by the Northern Coalition, in the span of two weeks.

The Maximum Damage Strategy is similar to Raiding Strategy.

Penetration Strategy

Penetration Strategy, is a direct attack through the enemy lines, that attempts to pierce the enemy line while secondary attacks up and down the enemy line prevent the freeing of the enemy reserves.

Pincer maneuver Strategy

Pincer maneuver Strategy, is the intentional allowing of the enemy to attack the center, where the center defensive force intentionally gives way yet slowing down the enemy, and simultaneously then attacking the flanks of the enemies advance.

POS Spamming Strategy

POS Spamming Strategy is the strategy where POS are placed in mass in a of a system or series of systems, for the purpose of taking control or denying them to another.

Preemptive Strike Strategy (Offensive)

Main article: Preemptive Strike Strategy

See Preemptive Strike Strategy (Defensive)

Raiding Strategy

The phrase Raiding Strategy is used to describe, using Raiding Tactics on a Grand Strategic scale.

It is a strategy of attacking with the purpose of removing enemy's supply or provisions.

Siege Strategy

Siege Strategy, is the continuous attack by bombardment on a fortified position.

Swarm Strategy

The phrase Swarm Strategy is used to describe, using Swarm Tactics on a grand strategic scale.

Turtling Strategy

The phrase Turtling Strategy is used to describe, using Turtling Tactics on a grand strategic scale.

Zerg Strategy

The phrase Zerg Strategy is used to describe, using Zerg Tactics on a grand strategic scale.

Defensive Strategy

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Defensive Strategy

Defensive Strategy, a defensive strategy is usually reactive. It tries to anticipate the offensive agent’s intentions and respond in a manner that denies him success. A defensive strategy however might still entail “attacking” or “counter-attacking.”

Attrition Strategy

Attrition strategy is a military strategy where pitched battles are avoided in favor of wearing down an opponent through a war of attrition. While avoiding decisive battles, the side employing this strategy harasses its enemy to cause attrition and loss of morale. Employment of this strategy implies that the one side believes time is on its side, but it may also be adopted when no feasible alternative strategy can be devised.

Deep Defense Strategy

Deep Defense Strategy is a military strategy where defenders who can fall back to a succession of prepared positions can extract a high price from the advancing enemy while themselves avoiding the danger of being overrun or outflanked. Delaying the enemy advance mitigates the attacker's advantage of surprise and allows time to move defending units to make a defense and to prepare a counter-attack.

The disadvantages of defense in depth are that it may be unacceptable for a defender to plan to give ground to an attacker. This may be because vital military or economic resources are close to the front line or because yielding to an enemy is unacceptable for political or cultural reasons. In addition, the continuous retreats required by defense in depth require the defender to have a high degree of mobility in order to retreat successfully and the morale to recover from the retreat.

Evasive Strategy

Evasive Strategy, involves refusing to engage the enemy. Such practices can be beneficial to the defender, in that they are not unnecessarily exposing assets to an enemy force.


Also this can have political advantages as well. For example an overwhelming enemy who seeks a quick victory, can be delayed into frustration. Followed by propaganda, highlighting their inability to defeat a weaker foe. This has several effects. Frustrating the enemy into acting without thinking, seeking a quick victory at the expense of heavy losses. Making them appear weak to their enemies because they are unable to 'steamroll' through you. Which in turn encourages others to stand their ground.


Politically damaging their propaganda machine, making it more difficult to claim to be the best, and making it more difficult to recruit members. As people tend to want to join a winning team, not a team that runs around in circle chasing ghost fleets.

Force multiplication Strategy

Force multiplication strategy in military usage, refers to a combination of technology, intense training, organization, or a combination of all to make a given force more effective than another force of comparable size. Deception as to the presence or size of a unit can increase its effectiveness. Another way to state the idea is that a force multiplier refers to a factor that dramatically increases (hence "multiplies") the effectiveness of an item or group.

Some common force multipliers are:

       * Technology
       * Morale
       * Geographical features
       * Recruitment through diplomacy
       * Training
       * Elite units

Fortification strategy

Fortifications are military constructions and buildings designed for defense in warfare. See POS spamming

Interior Lines Strategy

Interior Lines Strategy, is a strategy of warfare that is based on the concept that lines of movement within an area are shorter than those on the outside. Using the strategy of interior lines, a surrounded power could make a series of surprise attacks on the power that is encircling it, and move quickly enough and so unpredictably that the surrounding power would be forced to retreat.

Military district Strategy

Military districts Strategy, is the organization of military forces which are responsible for a certain area of territory.

Preemptive Strike Strategy (Defensive)

Main article: Preemptive Strike Strategy

Preemptive Strike Strategy (Defensive), or a preemptive strike strategy is a strategy where war is waged in an attempt to repel or defeat a perceived inevitable offensive or invasion, or to gain a strategic advantage in an impending (allegedly unavoidable) war.

However, the problem of determination of the imminent and extreme threat remains the subject of disputes. Not everyone supports the idea of a preemptive strike since it theoretically could apply to any alleged threat years in the future.

Withdrawal strategy

A withdrawal is a type of military operation, generally meaning retreating forces back while maintaining contact with the enemy. A withdrawal may be undertaken as part of a general retreat, to consolidate forces, to occupy ground that is more easily defended, or to lead the enemy into an ambush. It is considered a relatively risky operation, requiring discipline to keep from turning into a disorganized rout.

Alamo Strategy

"Alamo Strategy" Should be used as the very last strategy when facing impending doom. Alamo strategy is when you make a last stand or, and “after” last stand by putting jump clones in stations, that is being taken over, with one (or more depending on how many jump clones in station) PvP ship usually a cheap and effective frig/cruiser. To strike at unsuspecting victims at another time and hope fully extract revenge.

Political Strategy

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Political Strategy

See Political Strategy

  • Thousand Cuts Strategy
  • Discredit Strategy
  • Disinformation Strategy
  • Enemy of my Enemy Strategy
  • Heroism Strategy
  • Placating Strategy
  • Pressure Strategy

Deception Strategies

Disinformation Strategy

Disinformation is the deliberate dissemination of false information. It may include the distribution of forged documents, manuscripts, and photographs, or propagation of malicious rumors and fabricated intelligence. In the context of espionage or military intelligence, it is the deliberate spreading of false information to mislead an enemy as to one's position or course of action. In the context of politics, it is the deliberate attempt to deflect support of an opponent, disseminating false statements of innuendo based on vulnerabilities as revealed by opposition research. In both cases, it also includes the distortion of true information in such a way as to render it useless.

Military Strategy, Organizational Management

Fleet Commander

A Fleet Commander or F.C. for short, is usually the main person organizing the fleet. To meet an objective such as defeating an enemy gate camp, search and destroy, P.O.S. bashing, etc.

The Fleet Commander is often found on audio speaking out target names giving targeting order such. Such Joe is Primary, Bill is Secondary. Although styles vary from FC to FC.

Intelligence Officer

An Intelligence officer is usually the main person organizing a intelligence team.

The team's goals maybe to simply collect various types of data through standard means or subversive means. Such as espionage.

Type's of data of importance maybe. What type of moon materials are our enemies mining? Can denying the enemy these materials have an effect? How many capital ships does our enemy have? Can we outmatch them? What timezones are they most commonly operating on? Can we organize operations around their membership peeks and valleys, increasing our effectiveness? Who are their most active members? Can we convert, bribe or destroy them? What areas of space are they most often in? Can we attack or avoid them? What state is their morale in? Is now a good time to press forward? What is their point of view of us? Do they fear us, or do they think we are weak? What state is their leadership in? Can we break their organization, does it all hinge on a single leader? Are their forces made up of motivated volunteers or less-motivated conscripts?

Logistics Officer

A Logistics Officer's goal, is to ensure the resupply and availability of ships, ammo, equipment, weapons, etc. Not only in home territory but where its often most importantly needed, out in the field in hostile territory.

note: not to be confused with logistic ships (remote repairing of ships)

Military Morale

According to Wikipidia on Morale,

In a military sense, there are two meanings to morale. Primarily it means the cohesion of a unit, task force, or other military group. An army with good supply lines, sound air cover and a clear objective can be said to possess, as a whole, "good morale" or "high morale." Historically, elite military units such as the Praetorian Guard, Napoleon's Imperial Guard, Hitler's elite divisions and many Special Forces or elite units like the Israeli Golani Brigade, French Foreign Legion, United States Army Special Forces, SAS, Australian SASR and Spetnaz, have "high morale" due to both their elite training and pride in their unit. When a unit's morale is said to be "depleted", it means it is close to "crack and surrender", as was the case with Italian units in North Africa during World War II. It is well worth noting that generally speaking, most commanders do not look at the morale of specific individuals but rather the "fighting spirit" of squadrons, divisions, battalions, ships, Marine Safety Detachments, etc.

Political Officer

The Political officer is apart of the military branch of a Corporation/Alliance/ or Power bloc. The role of the political officer is of long term strategic importance to the group life.

For short term war fare the Political Officer maybe unnecessary, but any alliance that wishes to have an effective long term history of multiple campaigns will find such an officer invaluable to the cause.

The Goal of the political officer is to keep morale high and help members focused on the objectives. What are they fighting for?

The political officer could be thought of as a team cheer leader, pep talker, team builder, morale builder, loyalist.

An Advantage to having a Political Officer is the added self-will and determination. Even if your military is of a poorly supplied and often out numbered, it should be able to maintain morale to the very end. Due to the loyalty created by your Political Officer.

According to Alexander H. Leighton, "morale is the capacity of a group of people to pull together persistently and consistently in pursuit of a common purpose".

Diplomatic Officer

The Political officer is apart of the military branch of a Corporation/Alliance/ or Power bloc. The role of the political officer is of long term strategic importance to the group life.

For short term warfare the Diplomatic officer maybe unnecessary, but any alliance that wishes to have an effective long term history of multiple campaigns will find such an officer invaluable to the cause.

The goal of the Diplomatic officer to stay informed of relations with allies, neutrals an enemies. To stay in contact with allies, ensuring coordinations of efforts. It is also the goal of the Diplomatic officer to keep updated about the enemy. Who are they allied with? Who is helping them and who is not, and who is attacking them?

Also something important for the Diplomatic officer to do, is to stay in contact with neutrals, whom might be on the edge of territory that is being battled over. It is important that if a neutral is nearby and the military has no interest in attacking them, the neutral should be informed that the current battle has nothing to do with them and there is no interest in attacking them. If this is not done, you might expect the neutral to assume that they are next on the hit list, and with that assumption you never know if the neutral will preemptively war against you to defend themselves, or leave the area. If they leave the area that might create a vacuum that will allow others to enter, that might be enemies to you.

If you leave the neutral intact, you might not need worry about them attacking you or opening the door for someone else to.

Notes

Some items in this wiki page may repeat from Military Tactics or Military Strategy respectively however the intent is to concentrate on their set focus.



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